Saturday, March 3, 2018

Từ điển chuyên ngành DIY: Máy khoan - Drill Vocabulary


DIY xuất xứ từ đâu không rõ, nhưng những cao thủ gạo cội thường nói tiếng Anh, tiếng Nga, tiếng Pháp,.. trong đó tiếng Anh thông dụng nhất và đông đảo người dùng, người chơi và cả những người chuyên nhất. Vậy nên tôi nghĩ cần trang bị một số từ ngữ chuyên ngành để tiện việc giao lưu, học hỏi và phát triển DIY. Phần này là từ vựng dành cho các loại máy khoan như khoan bàn Drill Press, khoan điện, khoan tay,...


Mục lục

Các loại máy khoan thông dụng



Xem thêm: Tự chế Khóa Vặn Đầu Khoan Kép

Khoan Pin: Rechargeable Drill - Cordless Drill (không dây)


  • keyless chuck: Chuck with a regulating ring that automatically tightens the jaws on the tool’s shank.
  • speed selector switch: Device for regulating the chuck’s rotation speed.
  • battery pack: Device that stores chemical energy while charging, then converts it to electric energy.
  • torque adjustment collar: Ringlike part controlling the tool’s torsion power. Screwing needs lower torque than drilling.
  • trigger switch: Connection mechanism for starting or stopping the tool by squeezing with the finger.
  • screwdriver bit: Detachable tool inserted into the chuck and used for screwing and unscrewing
  • reversing switch: Switch for selecting the bit’s or drill’s direction of rotation (screwing or unscrewing)
  • charger: Electrical device for recharging the tool’s battery
  • battery pack: Device that stores chemical energy while charging, then converts it to electric energy

Xem thêm: Chế Khoan Bàn từ motor 775

Khoan Điện: Electric Drill




  • jaw: The parts of the chuck that grip the tool to keep it firmly in place.
  • pistol grip handle: Part shaped like a pistol grip so the wrist remains straight while holding the tool.
  • auxiliary handle: Tubular handle providing a firm grip and stabilizing the tool while drilling
  • chuck: Device with jaws for attaching the bit or drill to the tool
  • cable sleeve: Protective casing around the cable to avoid twisting and prevent wear
  • trigger switch: Connection mechanism for starting or stopping the tool by squeezing with the finger
  • switch lock: Device locking the switch in position to keep the saw working for a prolonged period
  • warning plate: Plate providing certain safety precautions to avoid injuries caused by misuse of the tool
  • nameplate: Plate showing the name of the manufacturer, the serial number of the device and certain technical characteristics (tension, power, etc.)
  • chuck key: Part for tightening and loosening the chuck’s jaws.  (sometime called Chuck Spanner

European Plug

Khoan Bàn: Drill Press




Đầu khoan: Chuck - Drill Chuck
Khóa vặn khoan: Chuck Spanner

Spanner có nhiều nghĩa: cờ lê, khóa lục giác trong, cái mở khoan cũng là spanner

Các loại spanner



  • feed lever: Lever activating a mechanism for lowering or raising the chuck
  • table-locking clamp: Locking device used to keep the table at a desired height
  • column: Cylindrical post fixed into the base; it supports the tool’s table, motor and head
  • base: Support on which the tool rests, which can be bolted down to ensure maximum stability
  • table: Flat surface whose height is adjustable; it supports the piece to be drilled
  • chuck: Device with jaws for attaching the bit or drill to the tool
  • quill: Hollow part in which an arbor supporting the chuck slides up and down
  • depth stop: Device regulating the chuck’s depth of penetration
  • switch: Button for turning the device on or off
  • pulley safety guard: Case protecting the pulleys and the belt linking the motor to the drill

Xem thêm: Chế Khay đựng Mũi Khoan Đa Năng

Khoan Tay Ngang: Brace



  • jaw: The parts of the chuck that grip the tool to keep it firmly in place
  • chuck: Device with jaws for attaching the bit or drill to the tool
  • cam ring: Metal cylinder covering the crank above the pawl
  • pawl: Small lever for changing the chuck’s direction of rotation by reversing the ratchet motion
  • ratchet: Toothed wheel having only one direction of rotation; it is kept in place by the pawl
  • quill: Hollow end of the front knob in which the crank turns
  • front knob: Knob for holding and stabilizing the tool while the other hand turns the crank by using the handle
  • crank: Angled shank whose rotation drives the chuck, by the agency of a pawl and ratchet mechanism
  • handle: Movable part for turning the crank.

Xem thêm: Giá Treo Máy Khoan Bắt Vít Bình Dân từ Ống Nhựa PVC

Khoan Tay Dọc: Hand Drill




Xem thêm:  

Mũi Khoan - bits and drills



Mục lục Từ điển tiếng Anh chuyên ngành DIY

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